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Citizenship Quiz Answers

1. Who elects the president of the United States?

a.  American people
b.  Electoral College
c.  House of Representatives
d.  U.S. Senate

2. How many changes or amendments are there to the U.S. Constitution?

a.  10
b.  18
c.  27
d.  32

3. How long is each term for a U.S. senator?

a.  2 years
b.  4 years
c.  5 years
d.  6 years

4. What are the duties of the Supreme Court?

a.  Pass laws
b.  Interpret and explain laws
c.  Oversee Congress and the President
d.  Write laws

5. Who becomes president if both the president and vice president die?

a.  Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
b.  President Pro-Tem of the Senate
c.  Speaker of the House
d.  Secretary of State

6. Who nominates judges to serve as Supreme Court justices?

a.  Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
b.  President
c.  Speaker of the House
d.  Majority leaders of the two political parties

7. Which is NOT a constitutional requirement to be president?

a.  Be elected by the American people –  Remember #1 – the Electoral College elects the president
b.  Be a natural-born citizen
c.  Have lived in the United States for at least 14 years
d.  Be at least 35 years old

8. How many Supreme Court justices are there?

a.  7
b.  8
c.  9
d.  11

9. Who was the main writer of the Declaration of Independence?

a.  Benjamin Franklin
b.  Thomas Paine
c.  John Adams
d.  Thomas Jefferson

10. Who has the power to declare war?

a.  Congress only
b.  President only
c.  Both president and Congress must declare war
d.  Senate only

11. In what year was the U.S. Constitution written?

a.  1776
b.  1782
c.  1787
d.  1790

12. What kind of government does the United States have?

a.  Republic
b.  Commonwealth
c.  Confederacy
d.  Democratic Republic

13. Which branch of government makes laws?

a.  Supreme Court
b.  Executive
c  Media (what some call the “fourth branch”)
d.  Congress – Only Congress makes laws because they are the only ones that can fund the laws they  pass. They have the “power of the purse.” The president executes the laws passed by Congress by signing them into law. He can also propose laws. The Supreme Court merely interprets the constitutionality of laws passed by Congress and signed by the president. That is why the Supreme Court was intended by the framers to be the weakest of the branches of the federal government.

14. How many representatives are in Congress?

a.  535
b.  400
c.  435
d.  100

15. According to the First Amendment of the Constitution, who is prohibited from making laws that “respect,” sponsor, endorse, or “establish” religion, or from interfering in the people’s independent and free exercise of it?  Hint: “____ shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof . . .”

a.  The people, through its elected representatives (i.e., Congress)
b.  The President
c.  The Supreme Court
d.  The States (through the incorporation clause of the 14th Amendment)
e.  All of the above – Not Congress, the president, the Supreme Court, nor the States can make laws that either establish religion or prohibit its free exercise. All branches of governement and at all levels are to remain neutral in religious matters. Ultimately, only the people can radically change the meaning of the First Amendment through the amending process allowed by the Fifth Amendment to the Constitution.

16. Who is considered the Author, and thereby “Father,” of the U.S. Constitution?

a.  George Washington
b.  Benjamin Franklin
c.  James Madison
d.  Thomas Jefferson
e.  Alexander Hamilton

17. The United States and its constitutional government were founded by . . .

a.  Colonial Puritans
b.  American Revolutionaries
c.  Native Indians
d.  Columbus

18. What do the stripes on the American flag represent?

a.  Sacrifice
b.  Blood
c.  Patriotism
d.  The original 13 states

19. Which founding father wrote: “In the Papal system, government and religion are in a manner consolidated, and that is found to be the worst of governments”?

a.  John Adams
b.  Roger Sherman
c.  Patrick Henry
d.  James Madison

20. Who said “Give me liberty or give me death”?

a.  George Mason
b.  Thomas Jefferson
c.  Patrick Henry
d.  John Marshall

21. Who is the current Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court?

a.  John Roberts
b.  Clarence Thomas
c.  Sandra Day O’Connor
d.  Anthony Kennedy
e.  William Rehnquist

22. Who wrote “The Star-Spangled Banner?

a.  Betsy Ross
b.  Felix Mendelssohn
c.  Francis Scott Key
d.  James Monroe

23. How many times may a Congressman be elected?

a.  Once (one term)
b.  Twice (two terms)
c.  No limit
d.  Only on good behavior